The initiative of REDD+ in Viet Nam

The UNFCCC conference in Bali recognized Viet Nam as one of the most-affected countries in the world as a result of climate change. Prior to this, reports by the World Bank brought to the attention of the authorities the potential devastation that could be caused by sea-level rise. Since the 2007 Climate Change Conference in Bali that recognized forest's contribution to climate change mitigation and formally agreed to incorporate the REDD+ initiative into the post-2012 negotiations, the Government of Viet Nam (GoV) has been moving rapidly to formulate and implement the REDD+ Program Framework for the country. Climate change has received an increasing political interest and support.

In December 2008, the National Target Programme (NTP) to Respond to Climate Change was approved by the Prime Minister. The Action Plan Framework (APF) for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture and Rural Development Sector for the period 2008-2020 was also launched by Ministry of Agricultural and Rural Development (MARD) in 2008. The APF includes a five-year action plan and a MARD steering group on climate change and mitigation which will lead the development of a REDD+ strategy, the starting points of which have already been agreed.

Viet Nam has also made clear its position on REDD+ through a submission to the UNFCCC Secretariat in February 2008. Viet Nam is one of nine countries identified for country programming under UN-REDD Programme, and was also one of the first countries to receive approval for a Readiness Project Identification Note (R-PIN) under the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). The GoV, UN-REDD and the World Bank (WB) have agreed that programming through these two initiatives should be coordinated. In the context of the One UN Reform, Viet Nam has been identified as a pilot One UN country, facilitating the process of developing an integrated multi-UN agency programme.